The real magic of photography is and will always reside in the “eye” of the camera or “Lens” as we know it. Choosing the perfect lens according to your niche is the first step to becoming a pro. If you are a beginner in photography, trying to expand your knowledge about different types of lenses, this is the perfect spot for you. We recommend to test your skills with the kit lens at first and gather the specifications about other types of lenses. This will prove beneficial when you are ready to step into the pro photography realm.
Understanding the Different Types of Lenses
Before we start discussing different types of lenses based on focal lengths, let’s get comfortable with a few terms. The first debate when it comes to lenses is between Prime vs Zoom lenses. A prime lens has no zoom ring, hence, it has a fixed focal length. This allows it to shoot in better optical quality. However, the main disadvantage is that you have to physically move to get nearer or further away from the subject. Unlike Prime Lens, zoom lenses have no such restriction and you get a range of focal lengths. But this added functionality comes at a much steeper price than the Prime lens.
Another thing that is debated upon is the Fast vs Slow lens. Basically, it is defined by the aperture of the lens. Lenses having a wider aperture of about f/2.8 and up are dubbed as fast lenses. Whereas, lenses with an aperture up to f/4 are referred to as slow lenses. Fast lenses work much better in low light conditions and also, to produce that great depth of field.
Photo edited in Lightroom.
Standard lenses got their name because out of all different types of lenses, their angle is the most similar to a human eye. For this reason, the images taken with them also resonate most with how a human eye perceives the environment. Generally, they have a focal length between 35-85mm. That’s why you can also use them as a general-purpose lens. Standard lenses are considered a staple for professional photographers. These lenses are also great for portrait photography
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Telephoto Lens - Different Types of Lenses
Wide or Ultra-Wide Lens
Fisheye Lens - Different Types of Lenses
Fisheye lenses are a very specific type of lenses. They are ultra-wide lenses but with a focal length between 4-14mm. Generally, their use is inclined towards abstract as well as creative photography. If you like to experiment with different shapes, you will love this lens. These lenses also have a great aperture giving them the ability to shoot fantastically in low light.
Photo edited in Lightroom.
As the name suggests, these types of lenses can “tilt and shift”. By doing this, they can manipulate the focal point as well as the dimensions of the subject. They are most commonly used in architecture or fine photography because of their ability to make objects appear smaller. Their focal length ranges between 17-35mm.
Conclusion - Different Types of Lenses
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