There are essentially four types or categories of cameras on the market to which consumers also have easy access. They are digital cameras. Here is a brief overview of all of them:
Compact digital cameras
Prices range from $100 to $450.
The compacts are very popular with the general public and are therefore the most sold. In this category we also find the very flat compacts called ultracompact. You can store them very easily in your pocket.
The size of this category of digital cameras is further reduced by the fact that they no longer require a case for inserting film cartridges. They also have lenses that are not bulky.
2/ Different digital cameras
An LCD screen is always present on the back of a compact camera. It serves as a viewfinder and a screen for viewing the photos.
The lens of the compacts includes an integrated shutter that is continuously open in a window to the LCD screen.
SLR cameras (Reflex) – “Different digital cameras“
Prices range from $300 to $7,000 for professional cameras.
SLR is a camera on which it is possible to put several types of lenses according to the needs and financial means. Prices of the different lenses vary from 3 to 4 figures according to the characteristics of the lenses.
The SLR also has an LCD screen. However, you can see the images and have access to the menu thanks to it. So it is not a viewfinder. However, a few models of Reflex have an LCD screen that allows to display the image in real time.
The shutter of the SLR is in front of the sensor and it is plane-focal.
It is recommended to buy the camera and the lens separately. Most of the zooms shipped with the device are of medium quality to maintain an affordable price. To move to a more efficient lens it is better to acquire it separately.
Prices range from $300 to $780.
Hybrids were introduced recently.
They are compacts with interchangeable lenses. However, the sensors of hybrid cameras are larger than conventional compacts. Regarding the optics, they have the same advantages as the SLRs plus the ease of maneuverability and discretion. They are equipped with a rear viewfinder and an electronic viewfinder. Thanks to the latter, the hold of the device is more stable and more natural.
3/ Different digital cameras
Hybrid cameras are expensive, but given the quality they offer, the price is sometimes worth it. Some professionals use them in addition to SLR cameras or to move on to something else for handling needs.
Bridge Cameras – “Different digital cameras”
Prices range from $150 to $600.
Bridges are intermediate cameras between compacts and SLRs. This is why bridge cameras have this name. In terms of quality, definition, and configuration options, the bridges sharply contrast with the different types of digital cameras. Their cases are more cumbersome than those of compact cameras, and less cumbersome than those of the SLRs. They are bulkier.
The lens of a bridge offers good optical quality and brightness even if it is bulky. The lens is interchangeable on only a few models.
Bridges have a real-time display of the image on the LCD screen at the back of the camera. This screen can be rotated on some models.
Bridges are an excellent compromise between the simplicity of a compact and the complexity or even the high cost of an SLR. More and more hybrids on the market merge with SLRs, the only difference being that the lens of the hybrid is not interchangeable.
You now know what the Different digital cameras types are!
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