If you are here, we assume that you already have an idea about composition. Yet, do not really understand how to practically compose your image. The composition can indeed be daunting. However, there is no need to worry. We have compiled basic but most used composition rules in photography to get you started. You need to keep these in mind the next time you go for a shoot.
Let’s start with the most important composition rules in photography.
The Rule of Thirds
You will hear a lot about the rule of thirds when you start understanding composition rules in photography. It is one of the most widely used and kind of a sure method of getting a perfect image. Basically, it divides the frame into nine equal parts by two vertical and two horizontal lines. Most cameras also have a setting called ‘Display Grid’ that automatically does that for you. Now, the idea is to place the main subject on one of the lines or even on the intersection of lines.
In landscape photography, this composition rule helps to place the horizon on one of the horizontal lines. This makes the composition of the image very attractive.
Filling the Frame – Composition Rules in Photography
Photo edited in Lightroom.
The goal of this composition rule might be self-evident from its name. Basically, we try to find some lines in the scene that might be leading towards our subject. This tends to draw the focus of the viewer towards the main elements or a specific portion of the image. Moreover, the lines need not be straight. Curved lines also add some attractiveness to the image. Also, it might be easy to find lines in urban landscapes. However, you will have to look around in natural places. Rivers and even clouds can be used for this purpose.
Using Focus – Composition Rules in Photography
Patterns and Shapes
You must agree with us when we say that patterns generally convey a sense of calmness and coziness to humans. That’s why composing your image such that it incorporates patterns will give it an ethereal feel. Those patterns, however, need not be man-made, natural patterns also look stunning. They can even be floor or road patterns, uniform buildings, and even flowers or mountains in a similar pattern. Other than patterns, this composition rule also deals with shapes. You must look at different objects that combine to form a particular shape. For example, bridges form triangles. It would not be false when we say that photographers love triangle. This is because they add a dynamic tension to the image.
Centered Composition – Composition Rules in Photography
Frame within Frames
Just like symmetry, this composition rule also uses a bunch of others. The basic idea is that you use an external object as a frame for your main element. An open gate or a structure is a great example of using this rule. You keep your main subject inside that structure making it a frame within a frame.
Improving Composition in Post-processing
Conclusion – Composition Rules in Photography
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